National List Of Essential Medicine 2022: ଅତ୍ୟାବଶ୍ୟକ ଔଷଧର ନୂଆ ତାଲିକା ପ୍ରକାଶ, ମେଡିସିନ ହେବ ସୁଲଭ


national-list-of-essential-medicine-2022-in-odia

ଜରୁରୀ ଔଷଧକୁ ନେଇ କେନ୍ଦ୍ର ସ୍ୱାସ୍ଥ୍ୟ ମନ୍ତ୍ରଣାଳୟ ନୂଆ ତାଲିକା ପ୍ରକାଶ କରିଛନ୍ତି । ସାଧାରଣ ଲୋକଙ୍କୁ ସୁଲଭ ମୂଲ୍ୟରେ ଜରୁରୀ ଔଷଧ ଯୋଗାଇ ଦେବାକୁ ସରକାର ତାଲିକା ପ୍ରକାଶ କରିଛନ୍ତି । ନୂଆ ତାଲିକାରେ ମୋଟ ୩୮୪ଟି ଔଷଧକୁ ତାଲିକାଭୁକ୍ତ କରାଯାଇଛି ।

କେନ୍ଦ୍ରମନ୍ତ୍ରୀ ମନସୁଖ ମାଣ୍ଡଭିୟ (Minister of State for Chemicals and Fertilizers of India) ୧୩ ସେପ୍ଟେମ୍ବର ମଙ୍ଗଳବାର ଦିନ ନୂତନ ଜାତୀୟ ଚିକିତ୍ସା ତାଲିକା ୨୦୨୨ ପ୍ରକାଶ କରିଛନ୍ତି। ନୂଆ ତାଲିକାରେ ୨୭ଟି ବର୍ଗରେ ମୋଟ ୩୮୪ ଔଷଧ ଅନ୍ତର୍ଭୁକ୍ତ ରହିଛି । ଯେଉଁ ଔଷଧ ପ୍ରାଥମିକ ସ୍ୱାସ୍ଥ୍ୟସେବା ଆବଶ୍ୟକତାକୁ ପୂରଣ କରିପାରିବ, ସେହିପରି ଔଷଧ ଗୁଡ଼ିକୁ ସରକାର ‘ଅତ୍ୟାବଶ୍ୟକ ଔଷଧ’ ତାଲିକାରେ ରଖିଛନ୍ତି ।

ଭାରତ ପ୍ରଗତି ଏବଂ ସମୃଦ୍ଧିର ଉଚ୍ଚତ୍ତମ ସୋପାନରେ ସେତେବେଳେ ପହଞ୍ଚି ପାରିବ, ଯେତେବେଳେ ଦେଶର ନାଗରିକମାନେ ସୁସ୍ଥ ଜୀବନଯାପନ କରିବେ ବୋଲି କହିଛନ୍ତି କେନ୍ଦ୍ରମନ୍ତ୍ରୀ ।

ଆଣ୍ଟିବାୟୋଟିକ୍, ଟିକା, କର୍କଟ ଔଷଧ ଏବଂ ଅନ୍ୟାନ୍ୟ ଗୁରୁତ୍ୱପୂର୍ଣ୍ଣ ଔଷଧ ଅଧିକ ସୁଲଭ ହେବା ଫଳରେ ରୋଗୀଙ୍କ ଖର୍ଚ୍ଚ ହ୍ରାସ ପାଇବ ବୋଲି କେନ୍ଦ୍ରମନ୍ତ୍ରୀ ଆଶା ପ୍ରକାଶ କରିଛନ୍ତି ।  ଏହା ପୂର୍ବରୁ ୨୦୧୫ ମସିହାରେ କେନ୍ଦ୍ର ସରକାର ଏହି ଔଷଧ ତାଲିକା ପ୍ରକାଶ କରିଥିଲେ ।

ଅତ୍ୟାବଶ୍ୟକ ଔଷଧର ନୂତନ ଜାତୀୟ ତାଲିକାରେ ଅନ୍ତର୍ଭୁକ୍ତ ହୋଇଥିବା ଔଷଧ

ଏହି ତାଲିକାରେ ହୃଦ୍‌ରୋଗ ଔଷଧ, ଆନାସ୍ଥେସିଆ, ସ୍ନାୟୁଗତ ରୋଗ, ଆଣ୍ଟି-ଇନଫେକ୍ଟିଭ୍ ଔଷଧ, କାନ, ନାକ, ଗଳା ଏବଂ ପାକସ୍ଥଳୀ ଔଷଧ, ହରମୋନ୍, ଅନ୍ୟାନ୍ୟ ଏଣ୍ଡୋକ୍ରାଇନ୍ ଔଷଧ ଏବଂ ଗର୍ଭନିରୋଧକ ଅନ୍ତର୍ଭୁକ୍ତ ରହିଛି ।

ଔଷଧରେ ନିକୋଟିନ୍ ରିପ୍ଲେସମେଣ୍ଟ ଥେରାପି, ଓରାଲ ରିହାଇଡ୍ରେସନ୍ ଲୁଣ, ପାରାସିଟାମଲ୍, ରିବାଭିରିନ୍, ଷ୍ଟ୍ରେପ୍ଟୋମାଇସିନ୍, ଲୋରାଜେପମ ଏବଂ ଆଇଭର୍ମେକ୍ଟିନ୍ ମଧ୍ୟ ଅନ୍ତର୍ଭୁକ୍ତ ରହିଛି ।

ଏଥିବ୍ୟତୀତ ନ୍ୟାସନାଲ ଲିଷ୍ଟ ଅଫ୍ ଏସେନସିଆଲ୍ ମେଡିସିନ୍ ୨୦୨୨ (NLEM 2022)ରେ ଚିକିତ୍ସା ଶ୍ରେଣୀ ଅନୁଯାୟୀ ଔଷଧ ବର୍ଗ ପ୍ରସ୍ତୁତ ହୋଇଛି । ତାଲିକାରେ ଯୋଡି ହୋଇଥିବା ୩୪ଟି ଔଷଧ ମଧ୍ୟରେ ଆଇଭର୍ମେକ୍ଟିନ୍ (Ivermectin), ମେରୋପେନେମ୍ (Meropenem), ସେଫୁରକ୍ସାଇମ୍ (Cefuroxime), ଫେନୋକ୍ସିମେଥାଇଲ୍ ପେନିସିଲିନ୍ (Phenoxymethyl Penicillin), ଡେଲାମାନିଡ (Delamanid) ଏବଂ ଲେନାଲିଡୋମାଇଡ୍ (Lenalidomide) ରହିଛି ।

ଏହାସହିତ, ୨୦୧୫ ଅତ୍ୟାବଶ୍ୟକ ଔଷଧ ତାଲିକାରୁ ୨୬ଟି ଔଷଧକୁ ହଟାଇ ଦିଆଯାଇଛି । ଅପସାରିତ ହୋଇଥିବା ଔଷଧ ମଧ୍ୟରେ ବ୍ଲିଚିଂ ପାଉଡର, ପ୍ରୋକାରବାଜାଇନ୍, ରିଫାବୁଟିନ୍, ରାନିଟିଡାଇନ୍ ଏବଂ ସୁକ୍ରାଲଫେଟ୍ ରହିଛି ।

Check Complete List of 384 Drugs

  1. 5-aminosalicylic acid (Mesalazine/Mesalaine)
  2. 5-Fluorouracil
  3. 6-Mercaptopurine
  4. Abacavir
  5. Abacavir (A) + Lamivudine (B)
  6. Acetazolamide
  7. Acetylsalicylic acid
  8. Actinomycin D
  9. Activated Charcoal
  10. Acyclovir
  11. Adenosine
  12. Adrenaline
  13. Albendazole
  14. Allopurinol
  15. All-trans retinoic acid
  16. Alprostadil
  17. Amikacin
  18. Amiodarone
  19. Amitriptyline
  20. Amlodipine
  21. Amoxicillin
  22. Amoxicillin (A) + Clavulanic acid (B)
  23. Amphotericin B
    a) Amphotericin B (conventional)
    b) Lipid Amphotericin B
    c) Liposomal Amphotericin B
  24. Ampicillin
  25. Anti-D immunoglobulin
  26. Anti-rabies immunoglobulin
  27. Anti-tetanus immunoglobulin
  28. Arsenic trioxide
  29. Artemether (A) + Lumefantrine (B)
  30. Artesunate
  31. Artesunate (A) + Sulphadoxine Pyrimethamine (B)
  32. Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C)
  33. Atazanavir (A) + Ritonavir (B)
  34. Atorvastatin
  35. Atracurium
  36. Atropine
  37. Azathioprine
  38. Azithromycin
  39. Baclofen
  40. Barium sulfate
  41. BCG vaccine
  42. Bedaquiline
  43. Bendamustine Hydrochloride
  44. Benzathine benzylpenicillin
  45. Benzoyl peroxide
  46. Benzylpenicillin
  47. Betamethasone
  48. Betamethasone (valerate)
  49. Bicalutamide
  50. Bisacodyl
  51. Bleomycin
  52. Bortezomib
  53. Budesonide
  54. Budesonide (A) +Formoterol (B)
  55. Bupivacaine
  56. Buprenorphine
  57. Buprenorphine (A) + Naloxone (B)
  58. Caffeine
  59. Calamine
  60. Calcium carbonate
  61. Calcium folinate
  62. Calcium gluconate
  63. Capecitabine
  64. Carbamazepine
  65. Carbimazole
  66. Carboplatin
  67. Carboxymethyl cellulose
  68. Cefadroxil
  69. Cefazolin
  70. Cefixime
  71. Cefotaxime
  72. Ceftazidime
  73. Ceftriaxone
  74. Cefuroxime
  75. Cetirizine
  76. Chlorambucil
  77. Chlorhexidine
  78. Chloroquine
  79. Cholecalciferol
  80. Ciprofloxacin
  81. Cisplatin
  82. Clarithromycin
  83. Clindamycin
  84. Clobazam
  85. Clofazimine
  86. Clomiphene citrate
  87. Clomipramine
  88. Clonazepam
  89. Clopidogrel
  90. Clotrimazole
  91. Cloxacillin
  92. Clozapine
  93. Coagulation factor IX
  94. Coagulation factor VIII
  95. Coal tar (A) + Salicylic Acid (B)
  96. Colchicine
  97. Condom
  98. Co-trimoxazole [Sulphamethoxazole (A) + Trimethoprim (B)]
  99. Cryoprecipitate
  100. Cyclophosphamide
  101. Cycloserine
  102. Cyclosporine
  103. Cytosine arabinoside
  104. D- Penicillamine
  105. Dabigatran
  106. Dacarbazine
  107. Daclatasvir
  108. Dapsone
  109. Darunavir
  110. Darunavir (A) + Ritonavir (B)
  111. Daunorubicin
  112. Delamanid
  113. Desferrioxamine
  114. Dexamethasone
  115. Dextran-40
  116. Diazepam
  117. Diclofenac
  118. Dicyclomine
  119. Diethylcarbamazine
  120. Digoxin
  121. Diltiazem
  122. Dinoprostone
  123. Diphtheria antitoxin
  124. Dobutamine
  125. Docetaxel
  126. Dolutegravir
  127. Domperidone
  128. Donepezil
  129. Dopamine
  130. Doxorubicin
  131. Doxycycline
  132. DPT vaccine
  133. DPT+ Hib+ Hep B vaccine
  134. Efavirenz
  135. Enalapril
  136. Enoxaparin
  137. Entecavir
  138. Erythropoietin
  139. Escitalopram
  140. Esmolol
  141. Ethambutol
  142. Ethinylestradiol (A) + Levonorgestrel (B)
  143. Ethionamide
  144. Ethyl alcohol (Denatured)
  145. Etoposide
  146. Fentanyl
  147. Ferrous Salts (A) + Folic Acid (B)
  148. Ferrous salts
  149. Filgrastim
  150. Fluconazole
  151. Fludrocortisone
  152. Flunarizine
  153. Fluorescein
  154. Fluoxetine
  155. Fluphenazine
  156. Folic Acid
  157. Framycetin
  158. Fresh frozen plasma
  159. Furosemide
  160. Fusidic acid
  161. Gadobenate dimeglumine
  162. Gefitinib
  163. Gemcitabine
  164. Gentamicin
  165. Glimepiride
  166. Glucose
  167. Glucose(A) + Sodium chloride (B)
  168. Glutaraldehyde
  169. Glycerin
  170. Glyceryl trinitrate
  171. Glycopyrrolate
  172. Griseofulvin
  173. Haemodialysis fluid
  174. Haloperidol
  175. Halothane
  176. Heparin
  177. Hepatitis B immunoglobulin
  178. Hepatitis B vaccine
  179. Homatropine
  180. Hormone releasing IUD
  181. Human chorionic gonadotropin
  182. Human normal immunoglobulin
  183. Hydrochlorothiazide
  184. Hydrocortisone
  185. Hydrogen Peroxide
  186. Hydroxocobalamine
  187. Hydroxychloroquine
  188. Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose
  189. Hydroxyurea
  190. Hyoscine butylbromide
  191. Ibuprofen
  192. Ifosfamide
  193. Imatinib
  194. Insulin (Soluble)
  195. Insulin Glargine
  196. Insulin Intermediate Acting (NPH)
  197. Insulin Premix Injection 30:70 (Regular : NPH)
  198. Iohexol
  199. Ipratropium
  200. Irinotecan HCI Trihydrate
  201. Iron sucrose
  202. Isoflurane
  203. Isoniazid
  204. Isosorbide dinitrate
  205. Ispaghula
  206. Itraconazole
  207. IUD containing Copper
  208. Ivermectin
  209. Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine
  210. Ketamine
  211. Labetalol
  212. Lactulose
  213. Lamivudine
  214. L-Asparaginase
  215. Latanoprost
  216. Lenalidomide
  217. Letrozole
  218. Leuprolide acetate
  219. Levetiracetam
  220. Levodopa (A) + Carbidopa (B)
  221. Levofloxacin
  222. Levonorgestrel
  223. Levothyroxine
  224. Lignocaine
  225. Lignocaine (A) + Adrenaline (B)
  226. Linezolid
  227. Lithium
  228. Loperamide
  229. Lopinavir (A) + Ritonavir (B)
  230. Lorazepam
  231. Magnesium sulphate
  232. Mannitol
  233. Measles vaccine
  234. Mebendazole
  235. Medroxyprogesterone acetate
  236. Mefenamic acid
  237. Mefloquine
  238. Meglumine diatrizoate
  239. Melphalan
  240. Meropenem
  241. Mesna
  242. Metformin
  243. Methotrexate
  244. Methylergometrine
  245. Methylprednisolone
  246. Methylrosanilinium chloride (Gentian Violet)
  247. Methylthioninium chloride (Methylene blue)
  248. Metoclopramide
  249. Metoprolol
  250. Metronidazole
  251. Midazolam
  252. Mifepristone
  253. Miltefosine
  254. Misoprostol
  255. Montelukast
  256. Morphine
  257. Moxifloxacin
  258. Mupirocin
  259. Mycophenolate mofetil
  260. N-acetylcysteine
  261. Naloxone
  262. Natamycin
  263. Neostigmine
  264. Nevirapine
  265. Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)
  266. Nifedipine
  267. Nitrofurantoin
  268. Nitrous oxide
  269. Noradrenaline
  270. Norethisterone
  271. Nystatin
  272. Omeprazole
  273. Ondansetron
  274. Oral poliomyelitis vaccine
  275. Oral rehydration salts
  276. Ormeloxifene (Centchroman)
  277. Oxaliplatin
  278. Oxygen
  279. Oxytocin
  280. Paclitaxel
  281. Pantoprazole
  282. Para- aminosalicylic acid
  283. Paracetamol
  284. Paromomycin
  285. Peritoneal dialysis solution
  286. Permethrin
  287. Pheniramine
  288. Phenobarbitone
  289. Phenoxymethyl penicillin
  290. Phenylephrine
  291. Phenytoin
  292. Phytomenadione(Vitamin K1)
  293. Pilocarpine
  294. Piperacillin (A) + Tazobactam (B)*
  295. Platelet rich plasma/ Platelet concentrates
  296. Podophyllin resin
  297. Potassium chloride
  298. Potassium permanganate
  299. Povidone iodine
  300. Pralidoxime chloride (2-PAM)
  301. Praziquantel
  302. Prednisolone
  303. Primaquine
  304. Procaine Benzylpenicillin
  305. Proparacaine
  306. Propofol
  307. Propranolol
  308. Protamine Sulphate
  309. Pyrazinamide
  310. Pyridoxine
  311. Quinine
  312. Rabies vaccine
  313. Raltegravir
  314. Ramipril
  315. Red blood cells/ Packed RBCs
  316. Ribavirin
  317. Riboflavin
  318. Rifampicin
  319. Ringer lactate
  320. Risperidone
  321. Ritonavir
  322. Rituximab
  323. Rotavirus vaccine
  324. Salbutamol
  325. Salicylic acid
  326. Sevoflurane
  327. Silver sulphadiazine
  328. Snake Venom Antiserum
    a. Soluble/ liquid polyvalent
    b. Lyophilized polyvalent
  329. Sodium bicarbonate
  330. Sodium chloride
  331. Sodium nitrite
  332. Sodium nitroprusside
  333. Sodium thiosulphate
  334. Sodium Valproate
  335. Sofosbuvir
  336. Somatostatin
  337. Spironolactone
  338. Streptokinase
  339. Streptomycin
  340. Succinylcholine
  341. Sulfasalazine
  342. Sumatriptan
  343. Surfactant
  344. Tacrolimus
  345. Tamoxifen
  346. Telmisartan
  347. Temozolomide
  348. Tenecteplase
  349. Teneligliptin
  350. Tenofovir (A) + Lamivudine (B)
  351. Tenofovir (A) + Lamivudine (B) + Dolutegravir (C)
  352. Tenofovir (A) + Lamivudine (B) + Efavirenz (C)
  353. Tenofovir Alafenamide Fumarate (TAF)
  354. Tenofovir Disproxil Fumarate (TDF)
  355. Terbinafine
  356. Tetanus toxoid
  357. Thalidomide
  358. Thiamine
  359. Thiopentone
  360. Timolol
  361. Tiotropium
  362. Tramadol
  363. Tranexamic acid
  364. Trastuzumab
  365. Trihexyphenidyl
  366. Tropicamide
  367. Tuberculin, Purified Protein derivative
  368. Valganciclovir
  369. Vancomycin
  370. Vecuronium
  371. Verapamil
  372. Vinblastine
  373. Vincristine
  374. Vitamin A
  375. Warfarin
  376. Water for Injection
  377. Whole blood
  378. Xylometazoline
  379. Zidovudine
  380. Zidovudine (A) + Lamivudine (B)
  381. Zidovudine (A) + Lamivudine (B) + Nevirapine (C)
  382. Zinc Sulphate
  383. Zoledronic acid
  384. Zolpidem
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